# Unigravitational Physics: a different point of view

Books about physics are often among my summer readings. This year it has been the turn of a Renato Palmieri’s essay about unigravitational physics.

The book suggests a theory of grand unification, claiming and showing as in physics there is a single force with which it is possible to explain all observable phenomena: the gravitational force.

Even today, research is ongoing to find a single theory (GUT, Grand United Theory), that takes into account all the interactions described by the four fundamental forces that are, in order of increasing relative intensity: gravity, weak force, electromagnetic force and strong force. Gravity and electromagnetism have been known and observed for thousands of years, the weak force and the strong force have been studied recently (last century) and have an infinitesimal range of action, comparable to nuclear dimensions.

A force, in physics, is the cause of a motion. According to Isaac Newton and his second law of motion (1687), the force is the multiplication of the inertial mass of a body by its acceleration.

Omitting further references to classical texts and assuming that the Newtonian mechanics, special relativity, quantum mechanics, general relativity, quantum field theory, particle physics and physics of complex systems, are already known to everyone, even if only in general terms, we can enter directly into the unigravitational system.

Some fundamental concepts at the base of unigravitational physics could be summarized as follows:

• The universe is light: photon and graviton coincide;
• Photon is the elementary particle, defined as an infinitesimal particle that produces the phenomenon called light;
• Photons are places of gravitational wave-like fields;
• The frequency is the rhythm of emission of gravitational waves by the photon;
• The photonic propagation can spread through concentric waves (circumferences) as a particular case, as it happens for instance for a stone thrown into the water, but more often through eccentric circumferences;
• A concentric photonic propagation can intersect but cannot overlap another concentric photonic propagation;
• An eccentric photonic propagation can instead overlap another eccentric photonic propagation, or an eccentric one can overlap a concentric one, and create a derivative propagation with its own characteristics, specific and different from those ones of the initial propagation;
• Photonic propagation spread in the three dimensional space in the form of logarithmic spirals (eccentricity) or, in particular cases (concentricity), in the form of Archimedes spirals;
• To visualize a spiral, you can consider the shell of a snail or the vortex of a tornado;
• As it occurs in nature for a cyclone, the photonic propagation spread outward, clockwise or counterclockwise, matter accumulates under a centripetal attractive effect towards the center along the arms of the spiral, matter does not accumulate between an arm and the other and in the center of the spiral, density of the matter and orbital velocities reach the maximum value around the center;
• The direction of rotation produces the polarity of the photonic propagation;
• The photonic propagation is a three-dimensional solid moving also in different media (air, water), what we usually see with the available tools, or with our own eyes, are their various two-dimensional sections (for instance the concentric waves), which do not give the idea of the phenomenon as a whole;
• The natural physical phenomena are unique and unrepeatable, for example, there is not a storm equal to another storm or a snail equal to another snail;
• With the unigravitational physics, composing geometrically with each other many undulating fields of single photons, or of their more or less complex sets, we can generate any shape visible in nature, such as weather situations, flowers, shells, biological structures, the circulatory system, the respiratory system , DNA, bunch of grapes, roots and branches of a tree, the shape of a coast (in the traditional physics we speak of self-similar structures, strange attractors, fractal geometry, deterministic chaos, that is, physics of complex systems);
• The wave-particle duality does not exist, it is as if we confuse an object with its shadow, or better, with all its possible shadows;
• The gravitational force is only attractive, there are no repulsive forces;
• Gravitational fields are polarized, that is, they have a direction of rotation and are anisotropic, that is they have different characteristics in different directions;
• The speed of a photonic propagation, also that one of the light itself, depends on the resistance offered by the medium in which it propagates;
• The gravitational intensity is an intrinsic property of a single body, unlike the gravitational force that refers to many interacting bodies;
• The mass is the number of elementary particles (photons) constituting a body;
• Density and polarization should always be taken into consideration;
• Natural phenomena represent a dynamic equilibrium;
• The unigravitational physics refers to both the microcosm and the macrocosm.

To visualize the photonic propagation and the various geometric configurations described above, the book provides a cosmological equation and its graphical software, with which anyone can perform tests, also available at the website.

The cosmological equation gives the value of the spiral radius of the gravitational photonic propagation and depends on the angle of rotation corresponding to the radius of the spiral, on the diameter of the primitive photonic wave, on the center of gravity of the photonic propagation, on the value of the golden section (square root 5 -1)/2 = 0.618, and on the gravitational intensity of two interacting material structures (gravitational sources).

This equation refers to the morphology of the natural structures or draws the wave-like geometry, which is created between two interacting bodies.

In the book many other interesting topics are treated, such as black holes or the magnetic field lines visible with iron filings around a magnet, but sometimes the criticism of the author to the traditional physics exceeds the necessary clarity of exposition of new theories and intertwines with it. I experienced the same problem even when, a few years ago, I attended in person one of his conferences. It would also be useful to have an updated three-dimensional version of the graphical software.

Is there anyone who is already developing research in this area or knows how to use the software Olopòiema?

Has someone already tried, for example, to study motion and interactions of nanoparticles using the unigravitational physics?

Paola Morgese, PMP
Civil Hydraulic Engineer
M.S. Sanitary and Environmental Engineering

References
Halliday, R. Resnick, Fisica 1, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
Halliday, R. Resnick, Fisica 2, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
Renato Palmieri, La fisica unigravitazionale e l’equazione cosmologica, Arte Tipografica, Napoli, 2006.
Ricci, Fisica, Giunti

Translation of the LinkedIn blog post of Paola Morgese “Fisica unigravitazionale: un altro punto di vista” published in September 2014.